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Growing Jalapeños In Pots: 7 Steps for a huge harvest

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Jalapenos are a great way to get a kick of heat! The good news is that you can grow jalapeños in pots!

Growing jalapenos in pots is a great way to get your fix of spicy goodness without having to deal with the hassle of planting them in the ground, especially if you live in an apartment or have restricted space.

The jalapeno pepper plant can grow up to 5 to 10 cm tall and can be grown in pots with a soil holding capacity of 4 to 5 gallons. Potted jalapenos grow healthy in a well-draining potting mix with drainage holes at the bottom of the container. Terracotta, plastic pots, and grow bags all be used to grow jalapeno peppers.

This article will explain everything you need to know about growing jalapenos successfully in pots.

7 Key Steps for Growing Jalapeños in Pots

Growing jalapenos in pots

To grow jalapenos in pots, you must first get the basics down. You can’t just plant them in any old container and expect them to grow well. 

If you want your peppers to thrive, you’ll need to ensure they have the right amount of sun, water, and nutrients available.

1. Choosing The Plant Pot

In order to get your jalapeno pepper plant off to a healthy start, you’ll need to choose the right pot for its roots and its leaves.

A good choice is Terracotta pots, along with fabric grow bags but if you can’t find one of those, any container with drainage holes will do. 

Since you’ll be growing your peppers from seeds, you’ll have to make sure that your pot is shallow enough for them to settle, but also make sure that it’s deep enough, at least 14 inches, for plants to grow.

Next, you’ll want to consider how large your pot should be.

A pot with a 4-5 gallons capacity is ideal for the best results.

Finally, give your jalapeno plants plenty of room! This will allow them to spread out their roots and develop strong vines without overcrowding each other too much; otherwise, they’ll compete for nutrients and water from the soil instead of helping each other grow strong and healthy plants.

2. Soil Requirements

When considering the type of soil you want to use, you should also consider what kind of drainage is available so your jalapeno plants do not get waterlogged.

You want well-drained soil because it keeps your plants from developing root rot and fungus. You also want it to be nutrient-rich, as this will help your plants become healthier and grow faster.

Another thing to consider is whether or not you would like your jalapenos in pots or in the ground.

If you plant them in pots, you will need well-drained and good loamy potting soil so they can grow properly and remain healthy.

I use this Miracle-Gro Potting Mix from amazon, which ensures my plants stay healthy long after planting. You can find it by clicking here.

This specially formulated blend of potting soil is designed to give your plants the perfect balance of nutrients, moisture, and aeration for vibrant plant growth.

miracle grow indoor potting mix 2 pack

3. Planting

The process is simple:

  1. Purchase the seeds of jalapenos from a local nursery or online store.
  2. Fill the pot with good-quality potting soil. Be sure to moisten the soil before planting.
  3. Plant one or two seeds in each pot, and cover them up with soil. You’ll want plenty of room between each plant so they don’t crowd each other out as they grow.
  4. Once you’ve planted your seeds, keep them watered regularly for the first few weeks until they germinate into seedlings.

    Water thoroughly and give them as much sunlight as possible throughout their growing period until harvest time comes around (usually about 3 months).

4. Location

With their fiery flavor and medium-sized size, they’re an ideal variety to grow at home in a container on your patio, balcony, or even indoors if you have a sunny enough window. But where should you put your jalapenos?

Near Sunny Window 

Jalapenos need a lot of sunlight. They need 8 hours of direct sunlight each day. So if you want to grow them indoors, you need a sunny window that is large enough for the plant and the pot it is growing in.


Growing jalapenos in pots on your patio is a great way to have fresh, flavorful jalapenos without having to worry about the mess of growing them in the ground.

It is one of the best ways to grow jalapenos on your patio because you can control the amount of sunlight they receive and how much water they receive. This will help you produce a higher yield of jalapenos than if you were to grow them in the ground.

On Balcony

Growing jalapenos in pots on your balcony is a great way to get a lot of peppers without taking up a lot of space. 

You can grow them vertically, so you don’t have to worry about the plants sprawling across your balcony and taking up more room than they need.

Pots are easier to move around, so if you want to take your plants inside during the winter, or if you just want to move them around your balcony every few days for optimal sun exposure, then growing jalapenos in pots on balconies is a great option for you.

Pro Tip: You should make sure there are no animals around that may knock over your plant or eat it while it grows. 

5. Fertilizer

Fertilizing your jalapenos is a great way to ensure they grow to be big and strong. To fertilize your jalapenos:

  • Before planting, scatter a vegetable garden fertilizer of 5-10-10 fertilizer granules/spikes about every 3 feet along your pepper bed. After your peppers bear their first fruit, give the entire bed a boost with 1 1/2 tablespoons of 33-0-0 fertilizer granules/spikes.

I have had the best results from using Miracle-Gro Soluble fertilizer. It’s great value for money and will last a long time. You can find it by clicking here.

Miracle-Gro 1001233 Water Soluble

6. Pruning

Jalapeno plants are easy to care for, but pruning them is a good idea if you want to get the biggest harvest possible. You should prune your jalapeno plant after 2-3 weeks of planting them.

Pruning means removing unwanted parts of the plant so it will grow into what you want it to be. In this case, we’re talking about removing any leaves that aren’t going to produce fruit.

The best time to prune your jalapenos is when they start flowering. The first thing you’ll want to do is remove any dead leaves or branches. This helps keep your plant healthy and strong throughout the rest of its growing season. 

You’ll also want to remove any suckers (or extra sprouts) that appear on your main stem so that it has more energy left over for growing fruit instead of trying to support too many stems at once. 

Make sure to leave two or three leaves on each sucker so that it doesn’t die off completely; otherwise the whole plant may stop producing fruit altogether!

7. Harvesting

It’s harvest time!

The first step in harvesting jalapenos is to make sure that the plants are healthy. They should be free of disease and insect damage and should not have been recently sprayed with pesticides or herbicides. 

Jalapeno plants are ready to be harvested when the peppers themselves have turned from green to red and then picked them off by hand.

Peppers should be left on the plant for as long as possible because they ripen from the bottom up, so if you pick them earlier than necessary, they won’t taste as good!

To harvest, simply use scissors or pruning shears and cut off all of the peppers you want to use. Harvesting the jalapeno plants is a delicate and time-sensitive process. 

Once you’ve picked the jalapenos, remove their stems, wash them in cold water, and set them aside on paper towels to dry.

Tips for Growing Jalapenos in Pots:

Jalapenos are a popular ingredient in Mexican cuisine and they’re usually grown in gardens, but they can also be grown in pots. Here are some tips for growing jalapenos in pots:

  • Jalapenos grow best during the summer months when days are hot and dry.
  • To protect your plant from frostbite during the winter, bring it inside an enclosed space like a porch or garage.
  • The ideal temperature range for growing jalapenos is between 85 degrees Fahrenheit and 95 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • If possible, try to purchase organic seeds so that they are less likely to carry diseases or pests that could affect other parts of your garden.
  • If possible, use filtered or distilled water instead of tap water so that any minerals or contaminants won’t affect growth rates negatively
  • There are a lot of varieties available, but the main type that is most often used for growing in pots, NuMex Jalapeño Lemon Spice.
  • When you harvest your jalapenos, be sure not to damage the roots, you want to leave as much of the root system intact as possible so that it can grow again next year!

Jalapenos Facts

Jalapeños are a type of chili pepper that is native to Mexico.
They are typically about 2-3 inches long, green when unripe, and red when ripe.
Jalapeños are known for their medium to high spiciness level, ranging from 2,500 to 8,000 Scoville Heat Units on the Scoville scale.
They are a popular ingredient in Mexican and Tex-Mex cuisine and are commonly used in dishes like salsa, guacamole, and nachos.
They can be eaten fresh, pickled, or cooked and are also often dried and ground into a powder.
Jalapeños are high in vitamin C and contain small amounts of other vitamins and minerals.
They have several potential health benefits, including aiding in weight loss, reducing inflammation, and improving heart health.
Jalapeños can be grown in various climates but thrive in warm and humid conditions.


Knowing the basics about growing jalapeno peppers can make a big difference. Growing jalapenos in pots, whether you live in a colder climate or just want to try something new, is a fun experience. 

The peppers are recommended for beginners, and the results can be used in a variety of Mexican recipes. 

We hope you find this guide to be helpful and that you have great success growing your own jalapenos. Thanks for reading.

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